- Ph.D., Indiana University, Bloomington, USA, 1995
- M.A., Indiana University, Bloomington, 1987
- U.H.D.E., University of Durban-Westville, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 1983.
- B.A. (Hons.), University of Durban-Westville, 1982.
- B.A. University of Durban-Westville, 1981.
- My Ph.D dissertation focused the making of Indian identities in South Africa, 1914-1949. Subsequent research, broadly, has focused on the colonial encounter between Indians, Africans and whites in KwaZulu Natal; the transformations of Indian identities in South Africa; Islam and Muslims (particularly KwaZulu Natal), and the role of sport and culture (particularly cricket) in South African society.
- Colour, Class and Community. The Natal Indian Congress, 1971-1994. Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2021.
- History of the Present. A Biography of Indian South Africans,1994–2019. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2019. (ISBN-13: 978-0-19-949801-7)
- Chota Motala. A Biography of Political Activism in the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2018. (ISBN 9781869143824).
- The South African Gandhi. Stretcher-Bearer of Empire. Stanford University Press (ISBN: 9780804797177 / ISBN-10: 080479717X) and New Delhi: Navayan Publishing (ISBN 9788189059743), 2016.
- Indentured Muslims in the Diaspora. Identity and Belonging of Minority Groups in Plural Societies. New Delhi: Manohar (ISBN 9789350981313), 2016. Edited with Mauits S. Hassankhan and Lomarsh Roopnaraine.
- Schooling Muslims in Natal. State, Identity and the Orient Islamic Educational Institute. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu Natal Press, 2015. With T. Waetjen. [ISBN: 9781869142926]
- Crossing Space and Time in the Indian Ocean: Early Indian Traders in Natal — A Biographical Study. Pretoria: UNISA Press, 2015. With S. Bhana. [ISBN: 9781868887798]
- Dirty Linen. The ‘other’ Durban 1870s-1980s. Durban: DUT, 2014. With Len Rosenberg.
- The Making of Place. The Warwick Junction Precinct: 1870s-1980s. Durban: DUT, 2013. Co-Authored. [ISBN 978-1-919858-24-1]. With Len Rosenberg and Sam Moodley.
- Curries Fountain. Sport, Politics, Identity. Durban: DUT, 2013. [ISBN 978-1-919858-23-4]. With Len Rosenberg and Sam Moodley.
- Chatsworth. The Making of a South African township. Edited with Ashwin Desai. UKZN Press, 2013. [ISBN: 978-1-86914-255-1].
- Muslim Portraits. The Anti-Apartheid Struggle. Durban: Madiba Publishers. 2012
- Ahmed Deedat. The Man and His Mission. Durban: IPCI 2012
- Many Lives. 150 Years of Being Indian in South Africa. Pietermaritzburg: Shuter and Shooter, 2010 [with Thembisa Waetjen and Ashwin Desai].
- Gender, Modernity, and Indian Delights. The Women’s Cultural Group of Durban, 1954-2010. Cape Town: HSRC Press, 2010 [with Thembisa Waetjen].
- Monty Naicker. Between Reason and Treason. Pietermaritzburg: Shuter and Shooter, 2010 [with Ashwin Desai].
- Inside Indian Indenture. A South African Story, 1860-1914. Cape Town: HSRC Press, 2010 [with Ashwin Desai].
- Dear Ahmedbhai, Dear Zuleikhabhen. The Letters of Ahmed Kathrada and Zuleikha Mayat 1979-1989. Johannesburg: Jacana, 2009 [with Thembisa Waetjen].
- Empire & Cricket. The South African Experience 1884-1914. Pretoria: UNISA Press, 2009 [co-edited with Bruce Murray].
- The Making of a Social Reformer. Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa, 1893-1914. Delhi: Manohar Books, June 2005 [with Surendra Bhana].
- Blacks in Whites: A Century of Sporting Struggles in Kwazulu Natal, 1880-2002. Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press, 2002 [with Vishnu Padayachee, Krish Reddy and Ashwin Desai].
Chapters in Books
|HIS302. The World in the 20th Century – USA, 1945-1970|
|This part of the course examines the broad internal and external developments that have shaped the|
history of the USA from World War II to the 1970s, as well as the influence of the USA on the outside
world. After 1945, the US chose to play a major role on the international scene, throughout the Cold War
and beyond. During this period, the country was rapidly and profoundly transformed from a rural and
agriculturally defined society into a modern, urbanized community, easily the world’s largest
military-industrial-scientific complex. This has not been without consequences. Externally, the country
experienced armed conflict in Korea, Vietnam, and the Middle East, the long Cold War and, most recently,
the “War on Terror”. Internally, this transformation has been accompanied by interethnic and interracial
strife, class conflict, and social unrest as larger numbers of Americans challenged the elites who
dominated the nation’s life. The Civil Rights Movement, followed by the voices of feminists, gays,
students, and lesbians, and new immigrants, forced a reexamination of old standards of exclusion, and
ushered in a more diverse and contested image of the nation.
|HIST 105H2: Empires of the Modern World|
|The idea of empire is at the heart of our debates about the modern world. The tensions that past and|
current empires have created shape our everyday lives. Over the last 1 000 years, empires have
established the foundations of political and economic life for almost all the inhabitants of our world.
This course will introduce you to some of the key features imperial systems over the last 250 years,
ranging from eastern to western empires, and including the Spanish Empire and the Ottoman Empire, the
British Empire in India and European empires in Africa. We will explore debates about neocolonialism
and the United States of America, once itself a British colony and now regarded by some as a modern
empire. We will also look at the forms that opposition to imperialism has taken, and at the forces that
have led to the collapse of empires. Whereas in the first semester, the focus was on developing skills
in accuracy of historical information through quizzes and short questions in tests and the exams, our
focus shifts in this semester to essay writing skills, and to developing your ability to use information
in historical analysis and debates.
|HIST 206H2: Law, Crime, and Society in History|
|Law, Crime and Society in History examines the changing social contexts in which ideas about law,|
crime, property, freedom, power and rights have been codified and challenged in different regions of the
world. It offers a conceptual framework and historical background for understanding some of the crucial
legal, political and ethical debates of our own times, as well as of the power and limitations of the
law in addressing them. Specific historical examples that highlight the conflict-laden interplay between
legal formations of political power and social relations around land, wealth, labour, culture, gender
and violence are discussed.
|HIS708: Honours Seminar: Comparative History of Race and Racism|
|This course examines the use of ‘race’ to create highly differentiated notions of ‘them’ and ‘us’ by|
cultures and (since the eighteenth century) the nation-state to draw lines of exclusion and inclusion.
Contemporary discussions about race are situated into a historical context. Key writings on race and
racism in diverse settings are examined against the backdrop of larger concerns. Why were certain
ideologies and practices introduced, and who profited from their perpetuation? Can we meaningfully speak
of a general theory of race and racism? How should we make such comparisons? What are the limits and
limitations of this approach? What considerations should be taken into account in such comparative
Students Supervision (MA / PhD)
- Mphumeleli Ngidi. PhD. 2021. ‘Forced Removals from Cato Manor: An Oral History’
- Trivern Ramjettan. PhD. 2020. ‘An historical and ethnographic study on the migration of South African Hindus from the Greater Durban area to the Greater Johannesburg area.’
- Rwodzi, Aaron. PhD. 2019. Constraints on Multiparty Democracy in Zimbabwe: Opposition Politics and Zanu (PF) 1980-2015.
- Partab, Veena. PhD. 2019. HERSTORIES: Womens’ Recollections of forced removals from Durban’s inner city, 1960s-1980s’
- Swart, Ashleigh. MSc. 2017. ‘Transnational Activism amongst Muslim Women in KwaZulu-Natal: Their Responses to the Palestine/Israeli Conflict’
- Asmal, Fatima. MSc. 2016. ‘Generations of Muslim Women in South Africa: Changing Subjectivities, Civic Engagement and Public Participation’
- Fynn, Ramon. MEd. 2015.‘Elizabeth Georgina Firmstone: A Great South African Teacher’
- Gopalan, Karthi. PhD. 2015.‘Identity, Place and Belonging: The destruction of the Magazine Barracks and remaking of “community” in Chatsworth, 1960-2010.’
- Simura, Blessing. PhD. 2016.‘Military intervention and international law: a critical analysis of the role of the international community in political uprisings in Libya and Syraia.’ [co-supervision with Dr .Lubna Nadvi]
- Du Bois, Duncan. PhD. 2013.‘Sugar and Settlers: Colonisation of the South Coast in Colonial Natal, 1850 – 1910.’
- Mphumele, Ngidi. MSc. 2013.‘Inter-Race Football as a strategy to improve Afro-Indian relations in 1950s South Africa.’
- Gopalan, Karthi. MA. 2010. ‘Caste, Class And Community The Role Of The South African Hindu Maha Sabha In (Re) Making Hinduism In South Africa, 1912-1960.’
- Nadvi, Lubna. PhD. 2010.’Political Islam in the 21st Century: An analysis of the contestation between “Militant” and “Progressive” Islam, with particular emphasis on forms of political expression amongst Muslims in post-apartheid South Africa.’
- Ndlovu, Bonginkosi B. MA. 2000.‘Conflict and Co-operation: Farmworkers and farmers in Umvoti County, 1880-1901,’
Selected Awards and Professional Honours
- Top Researcher in the Humanities, UKZN. 2015
- The book Chatsworth. The Making of a South African township received the UKZN Edited Book Prize for 2014.
- Top 30 Researcher, UKZN: 2012, 2014, 2015.
- National Research Foundation, Competitive Programme for Rated Researchers, 2014-2015. Title: Generations of Muslim Women in South Africa, Mauritius and Zanzibar:
- National Research Foundation, Ratings Review Panel, History, 2011-2014. [Convenor in 2013]
- SANPAD Grant, 2011-2013. Project Title: ‘Identity, Belonging and Place in post-apartheid South Africa: A Case Study of Chatsworth.’
- Member, Governing Board. Documentation Centre, UKZN (Westville Campus).
- Editorial Board, Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology [2010-].
- Visiting Fellow, Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice and Governance, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia. October / November 2006.
- Editorial Board, Historia (2003-)
- Sephis. International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam. Research Grant. Project Title: Indians in South Africa, 2001/2002.
- Ernest Oppenheimer Fellow, Centre of African Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, 2000.
- Social Science Research Council (USA) Dissertation Fellowship for PhD research 1988 / 1989.
- Fulbright Scholarship to study History at Indiana University, Bloomington, USA, 1985-1987.